Invisible Cities


This is a selection from a series of eleven structures, located in Bennington, Vermont, and designed after Italo Calvino’s typology of cities in Invisible Cities. The types of cities, which range from Cities and Memory to Cities and the Dead, are used as a lens and way of viewing Bennington. In each structure, Calvino’s city is united with the specific site and history of the town of Bennington. 


cities and names


"That a first Clarice existed is a widespread belief, but there are no proofs to support it...Only this is known for sure: a given number of objects is shifted within a given space, at times submerged by a quantity of new objects, at times worn out and not replaced; the rule is to shuffle them each time, then try to assemble them. Perhaps Clarice has always been only a confusion of chipped gimcracks, ill-assorted, obsolete." -Cities and Names


A performance pavilion and park built on the site of the former Bennington opera house, which burned down in a fire.


thin cities


“Those that through the years and the changes continue to give their form to desires, and those in which desires either erase the city or are erased by it.”- Thin Cities


A walking bridge over the Hoosick River on the site of an old mill bridge that washed away during a flood. It takes form from the silt and sediment patterns of the river.


cities and the dead


"You reach a moment in life when, among the people you have known, the dead outnumber the living. And the mind refuses to accept more faces, more expressions: on every new face you encounter, it prints the old forms, tor each one it finds the most suitable mask." -Cities and the Dead


A pavilion on an empty lot connecting two streets in downtown Bennington that serves as a way to commemorate the dead. The series of panels are walls to leave photos and memories and rotate to create more secluded, private spaces.


cities and signs


"True, also in Hypatia the day will come when my only desire will be to leave. I know I must not go down to the harbor then, but climb the citadel's highest pinnacle and wait for a ship to go by up there. But will it ever go by? There is no language without deceit." -Cities and Signs


A writer’s studio and performance space located between Robert Frost’s grave and his home in North Bennington.


cities and memory


"As this wave from memories flows in, the city soaks it up like a sponge and expands. A description of Zaira as it is today should contain all Zaira's past. The city, however, does not tell its past, but contains it like the lines of a hand, written in the corners of the streets, the gratings of the windows, the banisters of the steps, the antennae of the lightning rods, the poles of the Bags, every segment marked in turn with scratches, indentations, scrolls." -Cities and Memory